Conditions and diseases
Acute psychosis is a state in which a person can be found at a given moment; a person in such a state has often lost contact with reality partially or completely.
Symptoms and causes
- Delusions: a kind of imaginary idea that one has about oneself; the person cannot distinguish between what is real and what is not.
- Hallucinations: things you perceive that are not really there (e.g. hearing voices or seeing ghosts)
- Confusion: coherent conversations can hardly take place, forgetting what one is doing, etcetera.
How do you recognise that someone has acute psychosis?
The person often has a confused way of talking, mixes up things and speaks gibberish. Usually the answers to questions are short. He or she may sometimes adopt a frozen posture that virtually does not change. There is hardly any eye contact, the person usually looks to the side of you. A sort of suspicion and/or watchfulness.
- Psychosis susceptibility among close relatives
- Taking drugs
- Personal and environmental factors e.g. stress, lack of sleep
Diagnosis and treatment
- Reducing anxiety and improving sleep habits often through the prescription of benzodiazepines
- Taking antipsychotics to reduce anxiety
- Sometimes also antidepressants
- Understanding the triggers of the psychosis
- Creating a good day/night time, rest rythm
Treatment centres and specialisations
Latest publication date: 21/01/2021
Supervising author: Dr Raemdonck Jan