Symptoms and causes

Withdrawal symptoms

  • Tremors
  • Sleeplessness
  • Anxiety, irritability
  • Epileptic attacks
  • Delirium: visual and auditory hallucinations, strong tremors, sweating, very anxious and tense, nausea...


  • Strongly hereditary (up to 35-40%)
  • Social context and personality play a big role
  • Stress
  • Difference in the ability of the brain's reward system to take pleasure in the ordinary things of life, leading to the need for strong stimuli, such as the consumption of alcohol

Diagnosis and treatment


  • Disintoxication with benzodiazepines phase-out plan
  • Group discussions, group therapy
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • Vitamin B
  • Sometimes antabuse

Treatment centres and specialisations

Psychiatric Department (PAAZ)

Latest publication date: 21/01/2021
Supervising author: Dr Raemdonck Jan