Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. This hormone ensures that sugar from the diet is absorbed into the body's cells to serve as a source of energy.

Symptoms and causes

What is it?

In type 1 diabetes, the body itself no longer produces insulin due to permanent destruction of the insulin-producing cells at the pancreas. This causes an increase in the sugar level in the blood.

Typical symptoms of type 1 diabetes:

  • Excessive drinking of fluids
  • Frequent urination
  • Itch
  • Feeling of fatigue
  • Weight loss

Diagnosis and treatment

After the diagnosis, your physician will choose the best treatment together with you and the other physicians on the team:

  • Measuring the blood sugar using a simple glucometer or sensor is necessary to determine how much insulin is required at that moment.
  • Administration of insulin with an insulin pen or an insulin pump

Interesting link:

Treatment centres and specialisations

Endocrinology

Latest publication date: 05/08/2021
Supervising author: Dr Boer Mirra