Conditions and diseases

Throat cancer

Symptoms and causes

Symptoms and causes


It can occur in different areas of the neck, mouth and throat areas, and it can cause wide-ranging symptoms (of the tonsils, tongue, vocal cords...).


Possible complaints include:

  • hoarseness
  • swallowing problems
  • pain
  • losing weight
  • ...

These symptoms are also quite common with benign conditions.

Risk factors

The most common risk factors for throat cancer are smoking and frequent alcohol consumption.

Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis and treatment


Your physician will carry out a clinical examination with laryngoscopy and request imaging for more details if necessary (ultrasound imaging, CT scan, MRI, PET-CT). An endoscopy with biopsy under anaesthesia, performed at the outpatient hospital, may be indicated in order to examine the throat cancer.

The results are always discussed in a multidisciplinary team (ENT physicians, oncologists, radiologists, radiotherapists and anatomopathologists). Then the most appropriate treatment will be discussed with you (radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery) and there will be strict follow-up.

Treatment centres and specialisations

Treatment centres and specialisations

Latest publication date: 15/05/2024
Supervising author: Dr Vermeiren Judith