Symptoms and causes


The common cold is usually caused by a virus and is said to be viral.

Symptoms include:

  • sneezing
  • congested nose
  • runny nose
  • fatigue
  • muscular pain
  • headache

You can infect others in your environment by sneezing (with nasal mucous) and via contact. Wash your hands thoroughly and avoid contact where possible.

Diagnosis and treatment

For a common cold, you usually do not need to do anything more than to rest and give yourself time to get better. If necessary, you may do nasal saline rinses, use a anti-inflammatory nasal spray for a short time or use anti-inflammatories.

Treatment centres and specialisations

Ear, nose, and throat diseases

Latest publication date: 11/08/2021
Supervising author: Dr Vermeiren Judith