Symptoms and causes

The common cold is usually caused by a virus and is said to be viral.

Symptoms include:

  • sneezing
  • congested nose
  • runny nose
  • fatigue
  • muscular pain
  • headache

You can infect others in your environment by sneezing (with nasal mucous) and via contact. Wash your hands thoroughly and avoid contact where possible.

Diagnosis and treatment

You usually do not need to go to your physician if you have a common cold. You usually do not need to do anything more than to rest and give yourself time to get better.

If necessary, you may do nasal saline rinses, use a anti-inflammatory nasal spray for a short time or use anti-inflammatories.

Treatment centres and specialisations

Ear, nose, and throat diseases

Latest publication date: 01/04/2021
Supervising author: Dr Marin Eline