Foot and Ankle
Our feet can be divided into three larger sections: the hindfoot, the midfoot and the forefoot. They consist of a complex structure of bones, ligaments, muscles and tendons. All parts in this structure need to work together correctly to be able to stand, walk, jump, etc. The ankle allows us to move our foot in different directions.
Foot or ankle problems may be caused by acute injury, a wrong movement or the overburdening of certain structures.
Conditions and treatments
|Toe misalignment||Achilles tendon pain||Forefoot pain|
|Fallen arches and flat feet||Ankle pain||Lower heel pain|
|Fractured ankle||Upper heel pain||Deformation of one or more toes|
|Fractured heel bone|
Hand and wrist
Our hands are connected to the lower arm through the wrist. The hand and wrist consist of many little bones that are connected with ligaments. The muscles and tendons in the hand and lower arm allow us to move them. Three important nerves running through the hand that ensure sensation etc.
In addition to acute injury, hand and wrist issues often occur due to overburdening and trapped nerves.
|Forearm pain||Tingling fingers|
|Trigger finger||Scarring in the palm|
The knee is the joint that functions as the hinge between the thigh and the lower leg. At the front, the knee is protected by the kneecap. The presence of cartilage, e.g. the meniscus, allows for smooth movement of the knee. On the other hand, various ligaments, such as the cruciate ligaments, ensure stability of the knee.
Knee pain can be caused by wear and tear over many years, inflammation, overburdening or acute injury.
|Knee osteoarthritis||Injuries of the cruciate ligaments/collateral ligaments||Meniscus tear|
|Kneecap problems||Cartilage injuries||Runner's knee|
The hip is where our legs are connected to the upper body. The hip contains the hip joint, which is a ball-and-socket joint that, due to its flexibility, delivers a great degree of freedom of movement. The joint consists of the hip socket (formed by the pelvis) and the femoral head (on the thigh bone) that fit snugly into each other. Cartilage ensures that a joint can function without any friction.
Many hip complaints occur when there is serious wear and tear of the cartilage.
|Avascular necrosis||Clicking hip|
The shoulder connects the upper arm and the shoulder blade and consists of three bones: the shoulder blade, the upper arm bone and the collarbone. The complex interaction between bones and muscles ensures that the shoulder is a very flexible joint.
In addition to acute injury, shoulder complaints often occur due to overburdening or the wear and tear of muscles and tendons.
|Acute AC joint dislocation||Instability||Shoulder dislocation|
|Biceps problems||Calcification of tendons||Shoulder replacement|
|Impingement/AC joint osteoarthritis||Rotator cuff tear|
The elbow is the joint that connects the upper arm bone with the ulna and radius in the lower arm. The elbow allows us not only to bend and extend our arm but also to turn our lower arm and hand. A robust joint capsule and the ligaments ensure stability. Additionally, important nerves run from the neck and shoulder to the hand through the elbow.
Symptoms may arise if one of the parts of the elbow does not function in the way it should.
|Inner elbow pain||Outer elbow pain||Internal elbow pain|