Conditions and diseases
Respiratory sleeping problems
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Nasal syndrome (OSAS) is the most common condition (2-4%) in the population. With this syndrome, the airway closes during sleep because of the slackening of the pharyngeal muscles.
OSAS is almost always accompanied by snoring. The partner often notices breathing pauses.
Symptoms and causes
- Waking up to a feeling of suffocation
- Problems sleeping through the night
- Night sweats
- Frequently getting up to urinate
- Headache upon waking
- Daytime: drowsiness, memory and concentration problems, behavioural changes and sexual problems
- Heart and vascular disease
Diagnosis and treatment
Patients in whom sleep apnoea is suspected based on their reported symptoms usually first see a pneumologist.
In most cases, an in-lab sleep study will be recommended.
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Nausea syndrome (OSAS) can be addressed in several ways.
Obstructive sleep apnoea is due to a narrow airway. This can be caused by an unfavourable jaw anatomy, pronounced tonsil hypertrophy or being overweight. In 70% of patients, several factors play a role in OSAS.
For moderate to severe OSAS, CPAP (continuous positive pressure ventilation) is the gold standard.
In case of lighter forms, you will be referred for additional testing. Depending on where the problem is located, different treatments will be proposed:
- tonsils: tonsil removal/widening of the pharynx
- tongue base or larynx: mandibular repositioning device (MRD)
- jaw: jaw correction
- back: sleeping position training
Treatment centres and specialisations
Latest publication date: 21/01/2021
Supervising author: Dr Vermeiren Judith, Dr Borghgraef Kristin, Dr Lamont Jan